If you are travelling to Australia on a Taiwan passport, you will need to arrange an appropriate visa in advance.
For short-term business or tourism visits to Australia, the best option is usually an Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) visa. This is processed and issued electronically. The approvals process takes from a few minutes to a maximum of twelve hours. You will receive a receipt number (not a sticker) as evidence of the visa issue. ETAs can be obtained at 27 selected travel agents in Taiwan.
The full list is here (http://hongkong.china.embassy.gov.au/hkng/VISMG_TaiwanETAagent.html).
If you are planning to study, work, or stay longer or are not sure what kind of visa you need, please check the website of the Department of Home Affairs www.homeaffairs.gov.au to research your options and apply.
If you require further support, please contact the Global service Centre
Phone (In Australia): 131 881
Phone (Outside Australia): +61 2 6196 0196
Visa application service: VFS Global – Hong Kong https://www.vfsglobal.com/Australia/hongkong/index.html
If you have a Taiwan e-Passport and are aged over 16, you can use Australia’s ‘Smartgate’ (similar to Taiwan’s ‘e-Gate’) entry system at major airports. On arrival into Australia you may access and pass through the Smartgate system. This makes for shorter queues and smoother border entry for Taiwan passport-holders.
No matter which visa you travel to Australia on, Taiwan’s consular authorities encourage you to register your details with them so that you can be contacted in case of an emergency. The registration website is here. (https://www.boca.gov.tw/sp?xdURL=travelinfo/travelinfo.asp&CtNode=687)